What is erectile dysfunction?
Erectile dysfunction is when a man can’t get an erection to have sex or can’t keep an erection long enough to finish having sex. (It used to be called impotence). Erectile dysfunction (ED) can occur at any age, but it is more common in men older than 75 years of age.
Is erectile dysfunction just a part of old age?
Erectile dysfunction doesn’t have to be a part of getting older. It’s true that as you get older, you may need more stimulation (such as stroking and touching) to get an erection.
You might also need more time between erections. But older men should still be able to get an erection and enjoy sex
What causes erectile dysfunction?
ED can be caused by:
Diabetes (high blood sugar)
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
Stress, anxiety or depression
Alcohol and tobacco use
Some prescription medications, such as antidepressants, pain medicine and medicine for high blood pressure
Brain or spinal-cord injuries
Hypogonadism (which leads to lower testosterone levels)
Radiation therapy to the testicles
Some types of prostate or bladder surgery
If you can’t keep your blood sugar or your blood pressure under control, you can get erectile dysfunction. It’s important that you take your medicines for these problems just the way your doctor
Sometimes your hormones get out of balance and this causes erectile dysfunction. Your doctor will decide if you need blood tests to check your hormones.
Some medicines can cause erectile dysfunction. If this is true for you, your doctor may take you off that medicine or give you a different one.
Drinking too much alcohol, smoking too much and abusing drugs can also cause erectile dysfunction.
Problems in your relationship with your sexual partner can also cause erectile dysfunction. Improving your relationship may help your sex life. If you decide to seek therapy, it will probably be most effective if your sex partner is included. Couples can learn new ways to please one another and to show affection. This can reduce anxiety about having erections.
Feelings that can lead to ED
Feeling nervous about sex, perhaps because of a bad experience or because of a previous
episode of impotence
Feeling stressed, including stress from work or family situations
Being troubled by problems in your relationship with your sex partner
Feeling so self-conscious that you can’t enjoy sex
Thinking that your partner is reacting negatively to you
How is ED diagnosed?
Your doctor will probably start by asking you some questions and doing a physical exam. Samples of your blood and urine may be tested for diseases and disorders. Other tests may also be needed. Your doctor will determine which tests are right for you.
How is erectile dysfunction treated?
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